The Name 


Bulwark
is the English translation of Bollwerk and describes a barricade of beams and soil. 

A Boulevard (Dutch bollwerc) is a wide circular street in French. In the Middle Ages, bulwarks were built around the city centres. Later, bulwarks were levelled and, often, new streets and roads (=> boulevards) were built where they once stood. 

Bollwerk (German) > bollwerc (Dutch) > Boulevard (French)

Boulevard has its verbal roots in the German word Bollwerk

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From Boll-Werk to the Boulevard 

Boll-Werk is a synonym for new and different perspectives as well as the resistance which mark the beginning of change processes. 

The transformation from  „Boll-Werk to the Boulevard“ implies for us a path of development and renewal. 

                                                                                Manfred Boll